India is famous for its chutneys. A chutney is a fresh or cooked relish from the cuisine of India. It is usually eaten in small amounts to add flavour and to accent a meal. A fresh chutney in India is customarily ground fresh on grinding stone and is made fresh daily. It is made of peanuts, cashews, fresh herbs, fresh chillies, ginger, garlic and fresh green mangoes or lime juice with spices. Fresh chutneys are very refreshing. Cooked chutneys are made seasonally using fruits like tomatoes, mangoes, pineapples, tamarind, apples, pears that are combined with fresh seasonings like ginger, hot chillies and lemon juice and cooked with spices to create heavenly concoction of tastes.
Coconut Chutney – North Indian (fresh)
Ingredients: 3 tbsp. coconut, shredded 1 inch fresh ginger, chopped 1 fresh green chilli 1/2 bunch cilantro with stems and root removed fresh lemon juice salt to taste
In a food processor or blender add all ingredients into a pesto like sauce.
Coconut Chutney (Thengai Thigayal) – South Indian (fresh)
Ingredients: 1 cup fresh coconut, shredded 1/2 cup Toor dal dry 1/4 cup Urad dal dry 1/4 cup Channa dal dry 1/4 tsp tamarind concentrate 1/4 tsp. asafoetida Whole red chillies as per taste up to 3 Salt to taste 2 tsp. cooking oil
Method: Dry roast toor dhal, chana dhal, urad dhal, red chillies and asafoetida in cooking oil. Grind this mixture in water into a thick paste. Add coconut, tamarind and salt and grind it for a few more seconds until all the mixture blends into a smooth paste. Serve with steamed rice or can be served with dosa (rice pancakes).
Tamarind Chutney (cooked)
Ingredients: 1 cup cleaned tamarind 1/2 cup dates deseeded 1/4 cup sugar 2 cups water 1/2 tsp. red chilli powder 1/2 crushed cumin seeds 1 tsp. salt 3/4 cup jaggery
Method: Wash the tamarind clean.
Place the tamarind, jaggery, sugar, dates and water in a deep boiling pan. Soak for a few minutes. Put to boil for about 7-8 minutes. Cool to room temperature. Blend in a electric blender till smooth. Strain and transfer to the pan again. Boil till thick enough to coat the back of a spoon thinly. Add the seasoning. Cool again. Store in clean airtight bottles and refrigerate.
Tomato Chutney (cooked)
Ingredients: 2 Tbsp. Ghee 1/4 tsp. red chillies 1 tsp. cumin seeds 1 inch ginger minced 1 inch of cinnamon stick 2 cups coarsely fresh ripe tomatoes 3 Tbsp. jaggery or brown sugar Salt to taste
Heat ghee in a large sauce pan over moderate heat. Add the cumin seeds and let sizzle and brown. Add red chillies, ginger and stir fry for a moment. Add the other ingredients. Cook on low for about 20 to 35 minutes. Serve with meals.
Cashew Nut Chutney (fresh)
Ingredients: prep time 10 minutes makes a little over 1 cup 1 cup raw cashews bits or halves 1/4 tsp. lemon juice 1 teaspoon salt 1/2-inch piece of peeled fresh ginger root, sliced 1-2 hot green chillies, Seeded and chopped up to 1/3 cups water 2 tablespoons chopped fresh coriander
Method: Combine the cashews, lemon juice, salt ginger and chillies 1/4 of cup water in a food processor fitted with the metal blade, or a blender, and process until smooth, adding more water as necessary to produce a loose puree. Transfer to a bowl, add the fresh coriander, and serve or cover well and keep refrigerated for up to 3 days. Note: This chutney thickens as it sits. Thin it with water to the desired consistency.
Cilantro Chutney (fresh)
Ingredients: 1 bunch cilantro, fresh 1 or 2 small seedless green chilli, fresh, juice of one lime salt to taste 1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds, roasted, ground 1 pinch of black pepper 1 tbsp. coriander powder
Dry roast cumin seeds in a hot cast iron frying pan, until they turn brown. Grind into powder. Put all the ingredients into the blender and puree into a paste. Use as little water as necessary.
1/4 cup refined oil 1 teaspoon mustard seeds 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder 1 1/2 kg. Raw mango 1/2 teaspoon salt 1 cup water, 5 cups sugar Directions: Skin the mangoes. Remove the seeds and cut the mangoes into small pieces. Keep them aside. Heat the oil in a pan. Sprinkle the mustard seeds into the oil. Just as the seeds start to crack, add the turmeric powder, salt and mango pieces into the pan.
Stir them thoroughly and add the water. Allow the whole thing to come to a boil. Add sugar to it and continue boiling. The chutney will be thickening. In the process continuous stirring is a must. When the chutney becomes thick remove the pan from burner. Let it cool to normal temperature. Refrigerate and serve cold.
Coconut (grated) 1 cup Chana Daal 2 tsp. Green Chilli 2 – 3 Ginger 1 inch Coriander Leaves Hing 1/4 tsp. Lemon Juice to taste Salt to taste
• Fry Chana Daal (if used). • Grind all ingredients and mix.
• It’s also possible to use yogurt, in which case the Lemon juice may be left out. Or used. Anything goes, apparently.
• Cut lemons into small pieces and remove the seeds. Add salt and keep for about 12 hours. • Add chilli powder, turmeric, and methi. • Heat oil, mustard seeds, and asafoetida. Spread this mixture over the lemons. • Mix thoroughly.